Ukraine is an ancient and proud land, a border where East meets West. Its blue and yellow flags represent the sky and fields of wheat, and its fertile, sought-after land was used during World War I and World War II as a passage for Western powers trying to conquer the East.
But, as Oliver Stone noted in the 2016 documentary “Ukraine on Fire,” “Every time, the Ukrainian people ended up paying the highest price for these grand power games. “1 As a result, Ukraine, surrounded by great powers on all sides, had to master the art of switching sides.miss
Beginning in the mid-17th century, Ukrainian leader Bogdan Khmelnitsky broke a truce with Poland and sided with a stronger Russia. Five years later, during the Russo-Swedish War, Ukrainian leader Ivan Mazepa broke his alliance with Russia and joined forces with Swedish invaders. Ukraine became a German protectorate in 1918 after Russia agreed to the terms of the Brest-Litovsk Treaty.
The fate of Ukraine is often written by a third party, with the film stating, “In fact, Ukraine has never been a unified country. When World War II broke out, most of the population in western Ukraine welcomed German soldiers as liberators of the war. “Recently forced them to accept Soviet rule and openly cooperate with the Germans. “2
Ukrainian nationalist group commits genocide
While the full scale of the cooperation has not been revealed for years, entire divisions and battalions were made up of Ukrainian collaborators, and at the start of the war, more than 80,000 men had volunteered to join the “Galicia” division, notorious for its extreme extremism. Cruelty to Jews, Poles and Russians in Ukraine.
Many members of these military groups are drawn from the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN), which was formed in 1929 with the ultimate goal of creating an ethnically pure, independent Ukraine. Their official flag is black and red – for land and blood. In 1940, the anti-Semitic and anti-communist Stepan Bandera became the leader of the most radical faction of the OUN and declared Ukraine’s independence in 1941.
This act led his German allies to imprison him for much of the war, but he still spread his ideology in prison. “Many independent historians estimate that by the end of 1941, OUN militias had exterminated between 150,000 and 200,000 Jews in German-occupied Ukrainian territory.”3
The OUN ended up on an equal footing with German and Soviet troops, but by 1943, Soviet troops fought off German troops and began to liberate Ukraine. Western Ukraine, held by the Germans, was finally liberated in 1944, but the Bandera regime continued to wage guerrilla warfare against Ukrainian villages until the 1950s.
美國情報機構密切關注烏克蘭民族主義組織，將其作為對蘇聯進行反情報的來源。 解密的中央情報局文件顯示，自 1946 年以來，美國情報部門與烏克蘭民族主義者之間的密切聯繫。
雖然紐倫堡審判為法西斯德國的領導人伸張正義，但“烏克蘭納粹倖免於難，有些人甚至獲得了中央情報局的赦免。”4 根據這部電影，“到 1951 年，該機構 [CIA] Excusing the illegal activities of the OUN security services in the name of Cold War necessity. “5 Then, in a controversial transfer, in 1954, Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev gifted Crimea to Ukraine.
Ukraine shaken by multiple revolutions
In 1989, the populist popular movement, the Popular Movement, emerged, which advocated Ukraine’s independence from the Soviet Union and served as an incubator for Ukrainian neo-Nazist leaders. One of them, Oleh Tyahnybok, founded the radical group Svoboda in 1991 to promote Bandera’s ideals. Other groups followed.
Also in 1991, the collapse of the Soviet Union meant Ukraine’s true independence for the first time in modern history. Thanks to the new free economy, new businesses emerged. Oligarchs appeared to appear overnight, creating a class system in which a few wealthy elites and many others struggled to survive.
Several revolutions ensued, including the Orange Revolution of 2004, sparked by that year’s presidential election. Support for two candidates – Viktor Yushchenko and Viktor Yanukovych – has divided the country again, east to west. Yushchenko’s wife, Katerina Yushchenko, is a former State Department official who worked in the White House during the Reagan administration.
Yushchenko lost, but many disagreed and accused fraud. To overturn the result, mass protests took place, with protesters wearing Yushchenko’s orange campaign colors. The elections were called off and Yushchenko won the next one – after recovering from a mysterious poisoning disease, said to be carried out by Ukraine’s State Security Service.6
US intervention encourages coup
Yushchenko was not re-elected, but he granted Bandera “heroic status” after leaving office. Yanukovych, who became the next president, removed Bandera’s hero status, but in 2013 the government announced it would suspend plans to sign an alliance agreement with the European Union in favor of Russia’s proposal.
Protests sparked again, dubbed the “Maidan Revolution”. Days of peaceful protests turned violent, with U.S. intervention fueling flames that encouraged demonstrators to overthrow Ukraine’s democratically elected government. As the CATO Institute points out:7
“Decent respect for democratic institutions and procedures means that he [Yanukovych] Should be able to complete his legitimate term as president, which ends in 2016… Neither the domestic opposition nor Washington and its EU allies have acted that way.
Instead, Western leaders have made it clear that they support demonstrators’ efforts to force Yanukovych to reverse course and ratify the EU deal, or if he fails to do so, remove him before the end of his presidency.
Sen. John McCain (R-AZ), the top Republican on the Senate Armed Services Committee, traveled to Kyiv to show solidarity with Euromaidan activists. McCain dined with opposition leaders, including members of the far-right Socialist Party, and later appeared on stage in Maidan Square during a mass rally. He stood side by side with Svoboda leader Oleg Tyagnibok. “
A leaked phone call between Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs Victoria Nuland and U.S. Ambassador to Ukraine Jeffrey Piatt, intercepted by Russian intelligence, also openly discussed their plans to create a new Ukrainian government:8
“The candidates favored by the US include Yatsenyuk, who became prime minister after Yanukovych’s ouster. On the phone, Nuland enthusiastically said, ‘Yaz is the best person for the job’.
Nuland and Piat were involved in such plans when Yanukovych was the legitimate president of Ukraine. Astonishingly, a foreign diplomat — a country that often touts the need to respect democratic processes and the sovereignty of other nations — plotted to remove an elected government and replace it with officials worthy of U.S. approval. “
US installs new governor in Odessa
The Crimean referendum sparked more controversy just days after Yanukovych was ousted from power and fled Kyiv. Officials said more than 95 percent of voters opted to join Russia, but the U.S. painted it as a Russian invasion.9 Then, on May 30, 2015, former Georgian President Mikhail Saakashvili—“an old friend of America”—was named governor of Odessa, southern Ukraine.
“A quick glance at his biography shows that he was prepared for a special assignment,” the film says.10 Saakashvili was awarded a State Department scholarship and worked at a New York law firm. He was involved in the Rose Revolution in Georgia, which overthrew a legally elected president.
Soon after, Georgia announced its intention to join NATO and build a new military base on the Russian border. Saakashvili was later charged with abuse of power, embezzlement and other criminal charges, but he fled to the United States, where his friends in Washington found out that he had been appointed governor of Odessa.
Not long ago, he renounced his Georgian citizenship and became a Ukrainian citizen. Adding to the anti-Russian rhetoric was the 2014 crash of a Malaysia Airlines jet, which was shot down by a plane. missileOver Ukraine, 298 people were killed.
The U.S. and Ukraine blamed Russia, leading to immediate sanctions on the country. But a Russian report came to a different conclusion – the plane was shot down by Ukraine. missile. According to the movie:11
“One would expect these controversial results to reignite public interest in the investigation, but the tragedy of Malaysia’s MH17 flight has already played a role in this big geopolitical game.
Hence, it was quickly forgotten. Goal achieved. With tensions rising sharply between the two countries after a third wave of sanctions hit Russia, the question arises, are we really witnessing the start of Cold War 2.0, and if so, what are our chances of survival this time around? “
2022: Doomsday Clock, 100 Seconds to Midnight
The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists introduced the Doomsday Clock in 1947. It represents the countdown to global nuclear annihilation. At the height of the Cold War, it came closest to midnight—2 minutes—and then cooled, extending to 17 minutes by 1991.
In 2015, before and after the film’s release, heightened instability pushed the clock back 3 minutes to midnight as world leaders failed to “act or act quickly” due to the modernization of global nuclear weapons and “extraordinary nuclear arsenals.” to the scale needed to protect citizens from potential disasters. “12 At the time, the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists wrote:
“It’s just three minutes from midnight because international leaders have failed to fulfill their most important duty – ensuring and maintaining the health and vitality of human civilization.”
However, in an update published on January 20, 2022, the Gazette reported that the world was “at the door of doom” and the clock moved to just 100 seconds to midnight:13
“[T]His clock is still the closest to the end of civilization, as the world is still in an extremely dangerous moment. In 2019, we call it the new anomaly, but unfortunately, this has persisted… World leaders must commit now to re-engage in many ways and places to reduce existential risk.
Citizens of the world can and should organize to ask their leaders to do so — and quickly. The Doomsday Gate is nowhere to go… Without swift and focused action, a truly catastrophic event—the one that could end civilization as we know it—is more likely. When the clock hits 100 seconds to midnight, we are all threatened. The moment is dangerous and unsustainable, and now is the time to act. “