Yesterday, President Joe Biden Announce A new immigration framework to address record high Migrant crossing on the U.S.-Mexico border. The carrot-and-stick plan would step up deportations of immigrants trying to enter the United States illegally, while also providing legal avenues for immigrants from certain countries to temporarily live and work in the United States.
This frame The resettlement of refugees from Latin America and the Caribbean will be tripled in 2023 and 2024, with an annual cap of 20,000. Every month, as many as 30,000 immigrants from Venezuela, Nicaragua, Haiti and Cuba could come to live and work in the United States for two years if they get a U.S. sponsor and pass background checks.
Meanwhile, the White House Say “Individuals who illegally cross the borders of Panama, Mexico or the United States after the date of this proclamation will not be eligible for parole process and will be deported to Mexico,” said Mexico, which will receive up to 30,000 migrants each month from Venezuela, Nicaragua and Haiti , and deported Cuba.mexico will do expansion Pandemic-era Order 42, which allows for immediate deportations of people in transit.Previously, only in Mexico accepted Mexicans, Guatemalans, Hondurans and Salvadorans are deleted under Article 42. (recently started accept Venezuelans were also deported. ) According to the White House, unauthorized immigrants “will increasingly be subject to expedited deportation to their countries of origin and barred from re-entry for five years.”
Some aspects of the framework could help reduce the number of migrants arriving at the U.S.-Mexico border, which has been a big challenge for the Biden administration. Under the new parole pathway, immigrants can begin the process of legally entering the United States from their home country, rather than through an asylum application (which can only be made at a port of entry or within the United States). This could help them avoid the dangerous journey north and reduce overcrowding at the border.
“If the administration implements the proposed plan outlined yesterday, I would expect fewer illegal border crossings,” said David J. Bier, associate director of immigration studies at the Cato Institute. reason. “The new legal immigration program, along with the expansion of Title 42, will significantly reduce illegal border crossings by incentivizing people to wait for legal options to emerge.”
This way Similar programs for Nicaraguans, Cubans and Haitians Ukrainians and Venezuelan last year.These programs have helped reduce illegal crossings between these groups, Bill said: “The Ukrainian parole program has eliminated the migration of Ukrainians to the U.S.-Mexico border. The Venezuelan program has largely decriminalized immigration.” Last summer, Customs and Border protection bureau reopen Bill explained that the Haitian port of entry “essentially ended the illegal immigration of Haitians.”
“These facts demonstrate the power of giving people strong legal options to immigrate, and I think the more successes that are demonstrated, the more countries this policy will apply to,” Beer said.
and the main benefit A sponsorship-based approach through which U.S. citizens can financially support immigrants and help them integrate into society. Sponsors are motivated to help immigrants quickly find work and become financially independent.However, the new pathway may end up filtering sponsored immigrants into asylum backlog“That status will only last two years, and people could end up in the overwhelmed asylum process,” said American Prosperity policy analyst Sam Peake. “What we really need is real private refugee sponsorship, where if someone is eligible for refugee status, people can privately sponsor them to stay in the country permanently.”
The Biden administration’s new framework has serious logistical problems. Many migrants flee their home countries under duress and do not have time to fully plan their escape.For those leaving authoritarian countries such as Venezuela, Nicaragua, Haiti, and Cuba, it can be extremely difficult to fly to the U.S. or obtain a passport from their government—both Require path to parole.There are also many migrant workers who started going north before the policy was announced, but are now trapped in indifferent Because US immigration agents turned them away.
Parts of the framework could also face legal challenges. “Congress has directly stated that illegal crossing should not be considered a basis for denying someone the right to asylum,” said Beale, who “hopes that the courts will strike it down and the government will decide it’s unnecessary because the new legal process is working on its own. End illegal immigration.” The framework’s Title 42 deportation rights are likely to crumbling groundas pandemic policy will be heard by the Supreme Court this year spring.
Expanding legal immigration pathways is a key step In addressing border chaos,New parole scheme will help many from authoritarian countries gain safety. The Biden administration deserves credit for this. However, many at-risk people flee their country and are still barred from seeking asylum in the United States, for example, if they do not have a passport or Failure seek protection in third countries. Much more needs to be done to establish a fair and efficient process at the border.