January 9, 2023 – January 9, 2023 – If you’ve vowed to start exercising this year, here’s another incentive to help you keep going: You can protect yourself from potentially damaging COVID-19 outcomes effects, such as hospitalization or even death.
There is growing evidence that physical activity can reduce the risk of severe illness from COVID.This CDCbased on a systematic review of the evidence, reports that “Physical activity is associated with reduced COVID-19 hospitalizations and deaths, while inactivity increases this risk.” Other Research Regular physical activity has been linked to a lower risk of COVID infection, hospitalization and death.
latest like this Learnfrom Kaiser Permanente, shows that almost any amount of exercise can reduce the risk of severe or fatal COVID, even in high-risk patients such as high blood pressure or heart disease.
“We found that each level of physical activity provided some level of protection,” said lead study author Deborah Rohm Young, Ph.D., director of behavioral research in Kaiser’s Southern California Division of Research and Evaluation. “Even a 10-minute walk [per] A week is associated with better COVID-19 outcomes. “
The best results came among “those who consistently met our national guidelines of at least 150 minutes of brisk walking per week,” she said. That’s 30 minutes of exercise 5 days a week. However, “every bit is beneficial.”
Yet, according to the CDC, one in four adults does not get any physical activity outside of work.This is important as we enter January COVID numbers are on the rise. As of press time, the CDC reported more than 470,000 cases per week, compared with about 265,000 for the week ended Oct. 12. From Dec. 31 to Jan. 6, an average of more than 6,000 people were admitted to hospital each day, and as of Jan. 4, the weekly death toll totaled 2,731.
“What we’re missing in our response to the public health challenge of COVID is the heightened need for individual and community health,” said Dr. Gene Olinger, chief scientific advisor to research firm MRI Global and an adjunct associate professor at Boston’s University School of Medicine. “Active medicine—the personal optimization of nutrition, exercise, sleep, and whole-body meditation—isn’t a priority in the health ecosystem right now. It’s changing, and that’s good news.”
Of course, everyone should still get vaccinated, and Young warns against relying solely on exercise and healthy living to ward off severe COVID. “We can do more to protect ourselves from bad COVID, and it should all be done.”
The more active you are before infection, the better
For the Kaiser study, researchers looked at the health records of 194,191 adult Kaiser patients who tested positive for COVID-19 between January 2020 and May 2021.
Patients’ activity levels were assessed using a self-report system Kaiser has used since 2009 that involves two questions: “On average, how many days per week do you engage in moderate to vigorous exercise (such as brisk walking) ?” and, “On average, how many minutes of exercise do you do at this level?” To be included in the study, participants had to complete at least three of these assessments within 2 years prior to infection.
The researchers found that the more active patients were, the better their outcomes tended to be. Likewise, less active patients had worse outcomes.
Among the most significant gaps were those who had been inactive (less than 10 minutes per week) before contracting COVID-19 91% Patients who were more active than active were more likely to be hospitalized and 291 percent more likely to die from the disease.
Like all research, this study has limitations. Because it occurred before vaccination was more readily available, it could not assess whether physical activity improved outcomes for people who got vaccinated. It has also not studied the effect of exercise on people who have been superinfected with COVID-19. Still, the study suggests that inactive people should increase their physical activity to help ward off severe COVID-19.
For Dr. Kwadwo Kyeremanteng, director of the intensive care unit at Canada’s Ottawa Hospital and an associate professor at the University of Ottawa, the benefits of exercise come as no surprise.
“As an ICU physician who has been caring for COVID patients from day one, I often see poor outcomes for people with poor metabolic health,” said Kyeremanteng, who was not involved in the study. “It became clear early on [that] Obesity, Diabetes and Metabolic Disease [were] Risk factors for severe COVID and death from COVID. Basically, the results of this study correlate with what we’re seeing on the front lines. ”
health is not a guarantee
It is important to note that all trends have outliers. Even athletes who exercise regularly and are in good shape can — and do — get very sick with COVID and may experience lingering symptoms like shortness of breath, severe fatigue, and brain fog.
“Among young and healthiest athletes, there is evidence that COVID-19 causes myocardial inflammation [heart damage] One percent,” Olinger said. “Fortunately, it’s almost always reversible. “
While controversial, the concept of overexercise, also known as overtraining syndrome, has been linked to suppressed immune function and increased cases of upper respiratory infections, he said.
“However, the level of exercise a person can achieve varies widely,” Olinger said. “The data clearly show that getting a COVID vaccine and exercising regularly is key to a lifelong fight against disease and infection.”
How to exercise after COVID?
Another caveat: Although there is evidence that exercise forward Infection with COVID-19 helps improve outcomes, other study finds resuming exercise too early rear Getting a virus can be dangerous no matter your fitness level. In fact, Exercise May Worse Long-Term COVID Symptoms.
Kyeremanteng said he gradually returned to working out after a game with COVID-19. Let your symptoms be your guide.A sort of Learn inside Journal of Sports Science and Medicine Athletes with no or mild symptoms are advised to return to their pre-COVID exercise habits in a “gradual fashion” over 7 to 14 days. “Those with pre-existing medical comorbidities should take a more cautious approach,” the study said.
“Listen to your body,” says Olinger. “Only you know what’s right.”